Kaspars Melkis

CPD record of Kaspars Melkis

26 September 2017 – Statistical terms. Glossary creation.

I have noticed that the statistical terms create the greatest difficulties to pharmaceutical translators. The names of different statistical tests, specific usage, such as absolute risk reduction or even seemingly similar concepts that are crucial to be distinguished in clinical studies, e.g., accuracy vs. precision or incidence vs. prevalence can be indeed quite confusion. However, this should not be the case as the Association of Latvian Statisticians have colaborated with the University of Latvia and the group headed by Andrejs Ivanovs prepared the list of statistical terms for approval. The Terminology Committee of the Latvian Academy of Sciences have approved the list and I have worked on it to convert in easily usable format for MultiTerm and Trados. It can be viewed from TM-Town marketplace as soon as it will get approved there.

10 September 2017 – terminology studies: positive and negative challenge and rechallenge
These pharmacovigilance terms are used in assessing causual link between the drug and adverse effect. They can be confusing and as far as I know there are no previous translations of them in Latvian. I choice descriptive translation to make it clear to readers what they mean but in future official terms should be adopted by Latvian scientists. C3i Solutions provide excelent resource describing them: https://www.c3isolutions.com/blog/challenges-prechallenges-dechallenges-and-rechallenges/

18 July 2017 – European Medicines Agency pre-authorisation procedural advice for users of the centralised procedure

Finished reading this extensive document because I wanted to learn more about the timeline of marketing authorisation application review by EMA, particularly when then initial translations of SmPC, Annex A and PI in national lang is due and how much time translators have for implementing updates. This document of more than 100 pages gives answers to all of this, including many more: what are application types, what role EDQM and QRD group have in the process. I still want to know how exactly the decisions about linguistic quality and appropriateness of terms are made in languages that do not have official MedRA glossary available.

2 July 2017 – adherence to PrEP effectiveness in HIV prevention

In continuation of ECHO presentation series Dr. Joanna Stekler talks about the effectiveness of PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) in prevening HIV infection and how lack of adherance is related to treatment failure. This video was instructive to better understand terminology used in HIV treatment and interpret clinical trial results.

1 July 2017 – Tenofovir trials:

Tenofovir is known antiretroviral drug developed by Gilead Sciences and belonging to the class of reverse transcriptate inhibitors and used for treatment of HIV and Hepatatis B. However, it was not very clear why there are different formulations of tenofovir such as tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and tenofovir alafenamide (TAF). Dr. Brian Wood in this videos talks about latest studies and what advantages the newer formulations have over the previous ones when tenofovir is used as part of HAART (highly active anti-retroviral therapy) regiment. It indicates that while TDF is a pro-drug that is converted into active drug tenofovir in plasma, TAF is converted to the active drug in the target cells, thus allowing for lower plasma concentrations leading to less side-effects.

E-mail: kaspar@latvianforyou.com    Phone: +44 753-575-3131

© 2017 Kaspars Melkis